Efficiency of Input Use in Agricultural Production: Evidence from Turkey

Yilmaz Kilicaslan 1, Nilgun Caglarirmak Uslu1, Hasan Dudu2, Nesrin Alptekin1, Bunyamin Demir1
1Anadolu University, Eskisehir, Turkey, 2Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey

The negative impacts of the increase in the demand for agricultural products and changes in the Earth's ecological system due to climate change has triggered disequilibrium tendencies in the markets for agricultural products both in Turkey and the World. This development has made efficiency in agricultural production more important than ever. The aim of this study is to explore the factors effecting (in)efficiency of input use in agricultural production in Turkey. For this aim, we collected data on crop production by conducting interviews with about 2000 farmers in 17 different regions of Turkey on four different products (wheat, barley, rice, and sunflower). The results obtained by using "Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA)" show that fertilizers are used improperly in agricultural production in Turkey. The results also show that land analysis and using certified seed effect positively agricultural efficiency in wheat, barley, and rice production. This study is the first attempt examining the impact of certified seed use on agricultural productivity in Turkey by using SFA.